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Old historical photos and images of Oslo (Kristiania, Christiania), Norway

(all photos for free use)

Coat of arms of Oslo

Main page • Countries of Europa • Cities of Norway

History of city Oslo (Kristiania, Christiania), Norway in photos

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A small historical reference

Geography: Oslo - is the capital and the most populous city in Norway. It constitutes both a county and a municipality. Oslo occupies an arc of land at the northernmost end of the Oslofjord. The fjord, which is nearly bisected by the Nesodden peninsula opposite Oslo, lies to the south; in all other directions Oslo is surrounded by green hills and mountains. There are 40 islands within the city limits, the largest being Malmøya, and scores more around the Oslofjord. Oslo has 343 lakes, the largest being Maridalsvannet.

Date of foundation: 1048

History: Founded in the year 1040, and established as a "kaupstad" or trading place in 1048 by King Harald III, the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, the city was moved closer to Akershus Fortress during the reign of King Christian IV and renamed Christiania in his honour. It was established as a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) on 1 January 1838. Following a spelling reform, it was known as Kristiania from 1877 to 1925, at which time its original Norwegian name was restored.

Population: 658 390

1914 jubilee in Oslo, celebrating the 1814 constitution
1914 jubilee in Oslo, celebrating the 1814 constitution
Oslo. Airport Fornebu, 1939
Airport Fornebu, 1939
Oslo. Arne Garborg Square - Public Library and Fire Station, 1957
Arne Garborg Square - Public Library and Fire Station, 1957
Oslo. Carl Johans Monument, 1905
Carl Johans Monument, 1905
Oslo. Carl Johans Street, Royal Palace and Grand Hotel, circa 1890
Carl Johans Street, Royal Palace and Grand Hotel, circa 1890
Oslo. Detail of City Hall - Harald Hardråde (Harald III Severe), sculptor Anne Grimdalen
Detail of City Hall - Harald Hardråde (Harald III Severe), sculptor Anne Grimdalen
Oslo. Eastern Railway Station
Eastern Railway Station
Oslo. Frognerseteren - Main restaurant
Frognerseteren - Main restaurant
Oslo. Gol Stave Church with Hovenstuen and Stabburet, circa 1890
Gol Stave Church with Hovenstuen and Stabburet, circa 1890
Oslo. Gol Stave Church, Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy, 1905
Gol Stave Church, Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy, 1905
Oslo. Graduates celebrating Norway's national day 17th of May in 1915
Graduates celebrating Norway's national day 17th of May in 1915
Oslo. Grand Hotel, Grand Cafe and Conditori
Grand Hotel, Grand Cafe and Conditori
Oslo. Harbor
Harbor
Oslo. Henrik Ibsen street
Henrik Ibsen street
Oslo. Holberg Square, 1911
Holberg Square, 1911
Oslo. Holmenkollen - Tourist Hotel
Holmenkollen - Tourist Hotel
Oslo. Homansbyen - Kiosk and horse cart, 1905
Homansbyen - Kiosk and horse cart, 1905
Oslo. National Theater on Storting street
National Theater on Storting street
Oslo. Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting
Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting
Oslo. Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting
Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting
Oslo. Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting, 1911
Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting, 1911
Oslo. Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting and Carl Johans Street
Norwegian National Assembly Building - Storting and Carl Johans Street
Oslo. Oscarshall castle, built for Oscar I, circa 1890
Oscarshall castle, built for Oscar I, circa 1890
Oslo. Panorama from St Hanshaugen, circa 1890
Panorama from St Hanshaugen, circa 1890
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Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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