Old historical photos and images of Sarajevo
Stare historijske fotografije i slike Sarajeva

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History of city Sarajevo in photos

A small historical reference

Geography: Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Located within the greater Sarajevo valley of Bosnia, it is surrounded by the Dinaric Alps and situated along the Miljacka River in the heart of the Balkans, a region of Southern Europe.

Sarajevo is the political, financial, social and cultural center of Bosnia and Herzegovina and a prominent center of culture in the Balkans. It exerts region-wide influence in entertainment, media, fashion and the arts. Due to its long history of religious and cultural diversity, Sarajevo is sometimes called the "Jerusalem of Europe" or "Jerusalem of the Balkans". It is one of a few major European cities to have a mosque, Catholic church, Eastern Orthodox church, and synagogue within the same neighborhood.

Although there is evidence of human settlement in the area since prehistoric times, the modern city arose in the 15th century as an Ottoman stronghold, when the latter empire extended into Europe. Sarajevo has gained international renown several times throughout its history. In 1885, it was the first city in Europe and the second city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city, following San Francisco, California, of the United States. In 1914, it was the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a local Young Bosnia activist Gavrilo Princip, a murder that sparked World War I. This resulted in the end of Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and the creation of the multicultural Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the Balkan region.

Later, after World War II, the area came under control of the communist Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina within the republic also known as Second Yugoslavia. As Sarajevo was designated as this larger republic's capital, its population and businesses expanded rapidly, with investment in infrastructure and economic development.

In 1984 the socialist republic hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics, which marked a prosperous era for the city. However, after the start of the Yugoslav Wars, the city suffered the longest siege of a capital city in the history of modern warfare, for a total of 1,425 days, from April 1992 to February 1996. This was during the Bosnian War and the breakup of Yugoslavia, under nationalist ethnic passions that tore families apart and resulted in genocide and massacres.

With continued post-war reconstruction in the aftermath, Sarajevo is the fastest growing city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The travel guide series Lonely Planet ranked Sarajevo as the 43rd best city in the world. In December 2009, it recommended Sarajevo as one of the top ten cities to visit in 2010.

In 2011, Sarajevo was nominated as the 2014 European Capital of Culture. It was selected to host the European Youth Olympic Festival. In addition, in October 2019, Sarajevo was designated as a UNESCO Creative City for having placed culture at the center of its development strategies. It is also ranked as one of the world's eighteen Cities of Film.

Date of foundation: 1461


Population: 386 523


Sarajevo. Bendbasi, circa 1900
Bendbasi, circa 1900
Sarajevo. Bentbaša - bent-embankment, dam along the Miljacka river
Bentbaša - bent-embankment, dam along the Miljacka river
Sarajevo. Bezistan
Sarajevo. Čobanjagasse
Sarajevo. Evangelical church
Evangelical church
Sarajevo. Market, 1914
Market, 1914
Sarajevo. Miljacka river, 1914
Miljacka river, 1914
Sarajevo. Mosque
Sarajevo. Panorama of Alifakovac
Panorama of Alifakovac
Sarajevo. Panorama of Alifakovac, circa 1900
Panorama of Sarajevo, looking toward Alifakovac, circa 1900
Sarajevo. Panorama from the north, circa 1900
Panorama of Sarajevo from the north, circa 1900
Sarajevo. Panorama of street
Panorama of street
Sarajevo. Panorama of the city, 1942
Panorama of the city, 1942
Sarajevo. Panorama of Place
Panorama of Place
Sarajevo. Panorama of Place with Mosque
Panorama of Place with Mosque
Sarajevo. Panorama from the west, circa 1900
Panorama of Sarajevo from the west, circa 1900
Sarajevo. Courtyard of Begova Mosque
Courtyard of Begova Mosque
Sarajevo. Bosnian market
Bosnian market
Sarajevo. Latin bridge
Latin bridge
Sarajevo. Town Hall (Rathaus)
Town Hall (Rathaus)
Sarajevo. Turkenviertal, circa 1900
Turkenviertal, circa 1900
Sarajevo. Franz Ferdinand street
Franz Ferdinand street
Sarajevo. View of the street
View of the street
Sarajevo. Coast of Vojvode Stepe Stepanovica
Coast of Vojvode Stepe Stepanovica

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