A small historical reference
Geography: Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 metres (92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. Baku lies on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. Baku is the sole metropolis in Azerbaijan.
Baku is divided into twelve administrative raions and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on the islands of the Baku Archipelago, and the town of Oil Rocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, 60 kilometres (37 miles) away from Baku. The Inner City of Baku, along with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower, were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
Rayons of city:
Binagadi (Binəqədi) (formerly Kirov), Garadagh (Qaradağ), Khatai (Xətai), Khazar (Xəzər) (formerly Azizbekov), Narimanov (Nərimanov), Nasimi (Nəsimi), Nizami, Pirallahy, Sabail, Sabunchu (Sabunçu), Surakhany (Suraxanı), Yasamal
Date of foundation: First mentioned - 5th century
Population: 2 293 700
Sights: Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower