Old historical photos and images of Lima, Peru
Fotos e imágenes históricas antiguas de Lima, Perú

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History of city Lima, Peru in photos

A small historical reference

Geography: Lima, originally founded as Ciudad de Los Reyes (City of The Kings) is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín Rivers, in the desert zone of the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaside city of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area.

Lima was named by natives in the agricultural region known by native Peruvians as Limaq. It became the capital and most important city in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru (República del Perú). Around one-third of the national population now lives in its metropolitan area.

The city of Lima is considered to be the political, cultural, financial and commercial center of Peru. Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning: the National University of San Marcos, founded on 12 May 1551, is the first officially established and the oldest continuously functioning university in the New World. Lima is also one of the thirty most populated urban agglomerations in the world. Due to its geostrategic importance, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network has categorized it as a "beta" tier city. Jurisdictionally, the metropolis extends mainly within the province of Lima and in a smaller portion, to the west, within the Constitutional Province of Callao, where the seaport and the Jorge Chávez Airport are located. Both provinces have regional autonomy since 2002.

In October 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games; these games were held at venues in and around Lima, and were the largest sporting event ever hosted by the country. It also hosted the APEC Meetings of 2008 and 2016, the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group in October 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2014, and the Miss Universe 1982 contest.

Date of foundation: January 18, 1536


Population: 10 852 210


Lima. Callao
Callao - Custom House and square, 1868
Lima. Calle del Palacio
Calle del Palacio - Palace Street, 1868
Lima. Chorrillos
Chorrillos - Malecon, 1868
Lima. Chorrillos
Chorrillos - Malecon, residences along promenade, left - road to the baths, 1868
Lima. Church of San Francisco
Church of San Francisco, 1868
Lima. New Alemeda
New Alemeda, exterior, 1868
Lima. New Alemeda
New Alemeda, interior, 1868
Lima. Panorama of the Paseo de Aguas
Panorama of the Paseo de Aguas, 1868
Lima. Statue of Christopher Columbus
Statue of Christopher Columbus, 1868
Lima. Statue of Simón Bolivar
Statue of Simón Bolivar, 1868
Lima. The bridge
The bridge over the Rimac, 1868
Lima. The bridge
The bridge from up the river, 1868
Lima. The Callao Gate
The Callao Gate, 1868
Lima. The Candamo house
The Candamo house, 1868
Lima. The Cathedral
The Cathedral, 1868
Lima. Theater square
Theater square and Universo Hotel, 1868
Lima. The Convent of San Francisco
The Convent of San Francisco, 1868
Lima. The gate of Maravilla
The gate of Maravilla, 1868
Lima. The public square
The public square. Government Palace, 1868
Lima. The public square
The public square. Municipality and tower of St. Domingo, 1868
Lima. The public square
The public square. Palace of Archbishop and San Francisco Church, 1868
Lima. The Perricholi house
The Perricholi house, 1868
Lima. The public square
The public square. Portales and tower of St. Agustin, 1868
Lima. The Presa house
The Presa house and garden, 1868
Lima. The Rimac Bridge
The Rimac Bridge, 1868
Lima. The River Rimac
The River Rimac and Old Alemeda, 1868
Lima. The Salinas House
The Salinas House, 1868
Lima. The street
The street of Las Mantas, 1868
Lima. The street
The street of Mercaderes, 1868
Lima. The street
The street of Valladolid, 1868
Lima. The Theatre
The Theatre - Teatro Principal, 1868
Lima. Torre Tagle House
Torre Tagle House, 1868

Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.

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